Specific parts are tailored for their specific duties. You would not use the type of spring found in a ball point pen in an automotive application. Instead, once you learn the different spring materials available, you can start making the best choice for your desired application.
Knowing what material to use depends on how it will be used. Many factors will affect the performance and longevity of a spring, including temperature and corrosion. Springs are expected to be used countless times over its life cycle, and those materials need to withstand the normal wear and tear that is expected.
One of the most common materials used in springs is stainless steel, which is a cold drawn general-purpose wire that is both heat and corrosion resistant. It is offered in different grades that each provide different properties. Some stainless steels can be strongly magnetic, have poor electrical conductivity, or high tensile strength. Ultimately, stainless steel is a very popular and versatile alloy.
Another strong alloy that makes a popular material for springs is a high carbon steel. Its properties allow it to offer great hardness levels, and it can withstand plenty of wear and tear. High carbon steels also come at a lower price and are ideal for low stress applications.
When you operate in an environment that calls for great heat resistance and corrosion resistance, a nickel alloy is guaranteed to get the job done. They offer a high level of strength and durability, even in the most demanding environments. When stainless steel does not offer enough, cobalt-nickel alloys are the ones that many manufacturers choose.
Other less commonly used materials include brass and phosphor bronze. Brass is highly water resistant, but its cost is higher and it may tarnish or change color. Phosphor bronze is also not widely chosen for its cost, but because it is cold drawn, it offers good resistance to corrosion and electrical conductivity.
Whatever your application needs, allow Mid-West Spring and Stamping to help find the right material for the job. As a premier custom springs manufacturer, we craft compression springs in a variety of compression types, shapes, and materials to your individual specifications.
Mid-West Spring and Stamping is committed to creating more value for our customers with fewer resources through continuous improvement and the elimination of waste. Join the multitudes of customers that rely on us to optimize the fit, form, and function for their desired outcomes at a competitive cost. Request a quote today, or call us at 800-424-0244.